討論版

盧韋智

【Biodesign】 1.1 Strategic Focus

2017-09-27 22:20:39

Based on the unmet need that your group chose, describe the acceptance criteria and their weight. Should that unmet need be fulfilled? Why (not)?

  • Seth Nguyen

    2017-09-29 12:22:06

    For the need of an platform for sterilisation effectiveness examination, from a business and non-engineering perspective, I come up with some acceptance criteria before ending up with a conclusion.
    
    1. (30%) The demand for sterilisation is growing. It is reported that in Taiwan, the advanced sterilisation technology is only found in large hospital fertilisers. That means there's a need to develop a platform that can be utilised in a broader scope of medical professions. Every hospital needs this technology to ensure their medical instruments are always sterilised and safe to patients.
     
    2. (20%) The competition is not really severe. Not a pioneer in the industry but try to dominate in the sterilisation sector. According to US Medical Devices Market (Frost & Sullivan, 2012), sterilisation sector makes up the most modest proportion of revenues (only $594m) compared to other sectors like Orthopedics, Audiology or Oncology. This means few companies invest in the development of sterilisation products. As mentioned, every hospital needs them but the supply is rare, so once a company has their own competitiveness about sterilisation, it has more chances to dominate the sector. 
    
    3. (20%) Sterilisation technology has obvious clinical trial requirements so it may takes only about 2 years to get everything done before launching the product to the market.
    
    4. (20%) If successful, the sterilisation platform can save a large number of resources for hospitals and patients. The traditional sterilisation technology takes time to get it work done, but hopefully the new developed technology can save much waiting time. Physicians won't need to wait for a long time to observe the sterilisation process, which results in many other advantages like speeding up the treatment process and saving costs for hospitals and patients (in some ways). 
    
    5. (10%) This will be potential for investors who care about medical technology. 
    
    All in all, I think this unmet need is crucial and should be fulfilled asap.

  • Carol Wang

    2017-10-01 22:48:07

    The topic of unmet need that our group chose is the Julian-Design of an anti-counter-flow foley. I suppose the title first word Julian might be because the idea is first from a person who called Julian. In considering the acceptance criteria and our group’s opinion, my opinions are:
    (1)	the effect on improving health outcomes (30%): the anti-counter flow foley is a good idea since the counter-flow of the urine might increase the risk of urinary tract infection. The past data showed that the daily incidence of bacteriuria is 3-10 %, and 90-100% of patients with long-term catheterization develop bacteriuria.  About 80% of nosocomial UTIs are related to urethral catheterization. (from John L Brusch, http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2040035-overview). We do not know the proportion that the bacteria enter the bladder via counter flow. However, we infer that the anti-counter flow also can reduce the urinary retention and decrease the risk of infection. 
    (2)	Revenue/market size targets(30%): how many patients need this service in a year? The market size? The potential market? In clinic, there are three main types of catheters: indwelling catheters, external catheters, and short-term catheters. From short term or long term using, it seems is a large market. 
    (3)	Project fit with innovator’s mission and capabilities (10%): this is related to our personal equipment, interest and environment. We give it 10%.  
    (4)	Effect on affordability/accessibility of care (10%): the material of the foley is relative cheap. In theory, the way of anti-counter flow, such as valve, do not increase too much cost. The affordability and accessibility are importance to the market. 
    (5)	Market dynamics and competition(20%): The competition and dynamics of market would impact the profit. The different foley material, nursing ways and patients’ hygiene concepts all influence the risk of urinary tract infection. And, this influence the market need of anti-counter flow foley. 
    Please correct my impressions, if i had wrong records. Thanks

  • Nattana Teerawanidsan

    2017-10-04 08:31:30

    The topic of unmet need of our group is the Julian-Design of an anti-counter-flow Foley, mention from what Carol Wang said and regarding that we can’t find any support reference about Julian-Design for anti-counter-flow Foley our group will focus only about anti-counter-flow Foley device. From the discussion in our group, we come to conclusion of 5 acceptance criteria that from my point of view we have (1) Marketing Value (10%), this topic is require to planning the business plan in long term, to keep the welfare of the staff and capable to reach our growth, this device need to have enough balance budget to continue the business. unlikely we can’t calculate the Marketing Value now but assume from the number of patient, we believe it was big enough. (2) Impact or effect scale to improving patient life (30%). This topic is about the motivation, without the meaning full and good altitude in long term we would easily lose the way and give up. From the point that anti-counter-flow Foley had significant improving to patient life (According from Carol Wang), we decide it need to be done. (3) The number of patient who’s require/need this device (30%), unlike the Marketing Value topic, this topic is about how many people we could help by this device. It has some relative with second topic but now in term of scale of people/ society that could be help or improving by anti-counter-flow Foley. According from the large number of patient in surgery and other treatment that need to used Foley there would be no argue about the need of this device. 4) The personal equipment is suit or can add-in to fulfill what it need to done this project (10%), it like the condition to face the true that are our team suit for this project or should let it be other person work, who had required skill need to make it done. In long term some time when the situation is change or you found problem about the limited of your team, you need to deal with it, decide and make decision that you keep going on or abandon the project. From this point, we think our team are capable to do this project. (5) Market competition (20%), again this topic is relating to first topic but now with more detail about how many devices with same or similar ability are available in the market. this topic impact both the profit and the need of this device, in this case we believe that it does have much device nowadays that have similar function like this make it still have the highly need and have open market we can create. And that is all about the unmet need to acceptance criteria from my opinion and we designed from all acceptance criteria we designed to do this project.

  • Nguyen Van Truong

    2017-10-05 16:27:05

    The topic of Our group is "Outdoor walking assistive device for Parkinson's Disease patients"
    After discussion for unmet need, We find out some of the acceptance criteria such as below:
    1. Accessibility and possibility (17%): It is about how good of the technology, that can support us to make the device. 
    2. Customer's need and willingness (15%): Difficulty in movement system is the biggest problem with Parkinsonians, especially in walking. They really need the supported device that can protect them out of falling and help them can walk as normal person.
    3. Market size (15%): In worldwide, more than 10 million peoples are living with Parkinson’s disease. So that the population of customer in this project is quite potentially. 
    4. Safety and regulation issues (14%): This acceptance criteria need to be approved by FDA 
    5. Innovator's capability (13%): This topic is about our skill in difference field: planning, designing, marketing … 
    6. Measurement improvement (11%): We would care about how much better the device can help patients improve their heath such as 10%, 20%, 50% ….
    7. Market Dynamic (9%) – Not accepted
    8. Anticipating grow market (6%) – Not accepted
    In our project, We just focus on the first 6 criteria. We are from different background, so We need more time to understand each other and become a really strong team. Hopefully, Our team can have a good outcome at the end of the Bio-design course.

  • 鄭子琪

    2017-10-06 08:17:23

    The topic of unmet need that our group chose is water purification and sterilization system based on UVC LED technology. We came up with some acceptance criteria before giving out our conclusion. Our score of weight is different from others, we gave each of our acceptance criteria 3points, if we think it is easy to do it then we give it a 3 out of 3, if it’s difficult to implement then we give it 1out of 3, and then we put it in to percentage, if the score is over 50 percent we will do the course.
    1.(3/3)Technology, because of the process of the technology is general nowadays so it may be easy. 
    2.(3/3)finance, because we can get this technology at a cheap price, and that we will copy and pause the technology expand to the world, that for we will earn money.
    3.(3/3)target market, there are shortage clean water resources in Africa and South Asia, and that means that every country we have mentioned above needs this technology to ensure their water resources to make a better living quality and environment, which makes it seems as a large market.
    4.(3/3)affordability, can the people in Africa and South Asia afford it? This is a very important acceptance criteria, cause people who live here mostly aren’t rich, so we have to make it affordable, and that will be easy because the material of the UVC LED technology is relatively cheap. 
    5.(2/3)risk, there are risks in any decision, it is impossible that there is no risk, maybe some other companies came up another idea of water purification in a much cheaper way or there are other risks.
    6.(1/3)competition,there might be severe competitions, cause people are urgent need of clean water, so there must have lots of companies which noticed these and make it a competitive market.  
    The total of our score is15/18, which makes us an 83.3percent, and these make the unmet need a great industry to be fulfilled.

    • Malitha Humayun Kabir 於 2017-10-11 00:00:44 回覆

      Dear Priscila,
      
      Thank you very much for converting the draft to text. I found all the points and relevant text in your article that reflects our discussion accurately. 
      
      Regarding ACCEPTANCE criteria,
      I think we have missed an important point. That is REVENUE. We need to think whether the manufacturer is going to generate profit from the target market. Another relevant criteria to be evaluated is - do we think that our customer is ready to buy our product? I am unclear about the aforementioned acceptance criteria that I have mentioned here. 
      
      Regarding the question asked - Should that unmet need be fulfilled? Why (not)?
      My honest opinion is, we really cannot satisfy all the need with a single product. Customer satisfaction related issues involved. So, candidly speaking, the unmet need will not be fulfilled. 
      
      What we can do to fulfill unmet need?
      Multiple products targeting different customers should help. And I am worried about the maintenance related issues of the water purification system. 
      
      Thank you. - malitha kabir

  • Chen Ke-wei

    2017-10-06 13:35:02

    My Acceptance Criteria                                                                                                                   
    (1)Fit to my own interest 40%: 
    I wish there is a project that I can work from the very beginning. It should be  come from my own observation, so I know how important it is, and know how it can difference. And most important, i'm interested in the project.________________
    (2)Fit with innovator's capabilities 30%: 
    Even though we can come up with millions of way to solve the problem, it only counts if we make it come true. __________________
    (3)Revenue/Effect on improving health outcomes 30% :
    I put this two items together, because I think the more effect or benefit your product can make the more potential it has to make money. I would say a market size about 5000 per year in Taiwan alone will be worth working on.___________________________________
    As for the current un-met needs provided, all of them do not fit my first criteria, especially they already has solution to the problem. So I wish I can find new un-met new and new crew that can make our project come true.

  • 莊婷喻

    2017-10-06 16:41:30

    Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease differ from person to person, and that change through progressing. According to National Parkinson Foundation in the US, five stages are graded depending on symptoms and progression. During stage three, loss of balance and slow movements are typical hallmarks, and the patients’ condition degenerates in the following progress. Retarding the progression is the top priority rather than innovating outdoor walking assistive device.
    After group discussion and voting for the percentage of each value, the following is the final status of acceptance criteria.
    1.	Accessibility and Possibility (17%) 
    To avoid the shortage of resources or abortion of projects, budgets, time and technology limitation are all needed to be considered before the whole plan initiates. The design of device should be simple to manipulate for the future buyers. 
    2.	Customers’ Need and Willingness (15%) 
    Unmet needs are not exactly what the customers truly need. Some of the definitions of unmet needs mean that there is no satisfactory treatment or insufficient treatments and so on. However, unmet needs should correlate with customers’ need and willingness. 
    3.	Market Size (15%)
    Market size differs from country to country. Before launching the new products, the company needs to inquire the market size including potential buyers. After that, the company could start to set the value of the product.
    4.	Safety and Regulatory Issues (14%)
    Safety is nowhere to be underestimated. Generally, most innovative medical devices need to submit to FDA and the local authorities comply with regulations.
    5.	Innovator’s Capability (13%) 
    The innovation team requires members with distinguished expertise to compensate for each other’s limitation and to bring out comprehensive ideas.
    6.	Quantitative Outcome (11%)
    Set up a measurable benchmark to record the improving progression based on customers’ opinion. It is beneficial for the company to modify or revise the product. 
    7.	Market Dynamics (9%)
    When it comes to market, the demand and supply are vital in the given market. Market dynamics are a fundamental concept in supply, demand, and pricing economic models.
    8.	Anticipating Growth Market (6%) 
    Not foretelling, but evaluating. The increment in market demand causes a corresponding growth in market supply. Also, the oscillation of price may influence the market growth.

  • Long Duong

    2017-10-08 14:49:50

    Through the discussion between our group about the chosen topic : "Outdoor walking assistive device for Parkinson's Disease patients" for finding unmet needs, we totaly agreed with each other and created a band score system by ourself. We gave each of our acceptance criteria 5 points, if we think it is easy to do it then we give it a 5 out of 5, if it’s difficult to achieve then we give it 1out of 5, then we put it in to percentage, and make a result’s pie chart. After that, we found out some of the acceptance criteria and gave out our conclusion
    1. Accessibility and Possibility (17%) Before to starting new project, the companies need to consider about the budgets, the time and the technology limitation. 
    2. Customers’ Need and Willingness (15%) We need to find out the real need of the customers, not the needs, which we think that they will be needed.Furthermore, we must try to find the common between unmet need and the customers’ need and willingness. 
    3. Market Size (15%) Every country have its own market size. Before deciding to promoting one new product, the company needs to make investigation about the market size.
    4. Safety and Regulatory Issues (14%) Safety is nowhere to be underestimated. FDA approved, local governments lisenced are the necessary conditions for the most innovative medical devices.
    5. Innovator’s Capability (13%) The innovation team ‘s members, who was recruited with rich experiences, high capacity will bring more and more brilliant ideas for the companies.
    6. Quantitative Outcome (11%) The companies need to listen all of the customers ‘s feedback about their own products, at the same time,create a measurable benchmark to record the improving progression based on these feedbacks.
    7. Market Dynamics (9%) Market dynamics describes the dynamic, or changing, price signals that result from the continual changes in both supply and demand of any particular product or group of products in the given market.
    8. Anticipating Growth Market (6%) Need to evaluate the increment in market demand causes a corresponding growth in market supply.
    All in all, fulfil the unmet needs is the mission, which we need to complete as soon as possible.

  • Nguyen Anh Duy (阮英維)

    2017-10-09 23:28:45

    Our group's topic is "Development of an acupuncture objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) system". After discussion, we see that this system is really difficult to perform in real life as well as following all of the acceptance criteria. Firstly, because of the development of Western medicine, acupuncture only occupies a small amount of patients for treatment. Secondly, OSCE is an approach which is developed from Western countries, so it may be not suitable for Chinese traditional medicine. OSCE is the method to make medical students practice in high pressure to face with unpredictable situations in real life. It has several stations which have an examination for each with only 30 seconds or 1 minutes to answer, then the candidates have to move to another station immediately. Acupuncture is completely different with that method. It requires the physician has to totally careful and focus on every needles he/she uses into patient, so it needs more time to practice. Eventually, I suggest that we could create a system that helps acupuncture phycian can practice easier and more accuracy. For this system, I make the percentage of the acceptance criteria consists of: 10% of group market dynamics and competition, market grown, market size targets; 20 % of cultivated customers; 20% for time to achieve results; 10% of effect on affordability of care; 20% of effect on improving health outcomes; 20% of project with innovator's mission and capabilites.

  • Nguyen An Nghia

    2017-10-10 12:45:18

    Our group's topic is: " Water purification and sterilization system based on UVC-LED technology". We discussed and found out 6 factor which build the acceptance criteria for our topic: (1)Technology,(2) Finance/Budget, (3) Target markets, (4) Affordibility, (5) Risk/Safety, (6) Competition. We give the mark for each based on the level of possibility. There are 3 levels: 1- low; 2- moderate, 3-high. The total score in perfect condition is 18 but we discussed to estimate the possibility of each. And the result is15/18: (1)Technology-3: UVC-LED is today technology with many applications in water's processing,(2) Finance/Budget-3: This technology is not expensive and have promising future, (3) Target markets-3: Developing areas are Africa and South West Asia , (4) Affordibility-3: The price will be suitable with the financial condition of people, (5) Risk/Safety-2: The products have to have the high quality and work effectively and it need the belief from the concumers, (6) Competition-1: The market have many other companies with differences of technology and the tradition of each area.
    Because of that score (15/18), we though that unmet needs should be fullfilled and It need the help from the local investors.

  • Duy Thao Nguyen (阮維晨)

    2017-10-10 14:18:37

    The topic selected by our group was “Verification Platform for Sterilized Biomedical Device: A rapid technology tool to reduce the time for bacteria counting after the sterilization achievement of biomedical devices". After our detailed discussion, all group members reached a unanimous decision: the need of a verification platform for sterilized biomedical devices should be fulfilled. This decision was made based on our evaluation criteria as follows:
    
    Market Dynamics and Competition (40%): After attempting to search on the Internet with these keywords ‘Medical Device Sterilization Assessment’, nothing much came up. We also consulted with the members of our group who are physicians and came to realize that such a platform does not currently exist. To the best of my knowledge, at the moment in the market there is no such thing as a rapid online real-time technology to assess the sterilization process like our platform. This means there is practically no competition and this platform can open up its own market. This is highly important for us because as a small-scale startup, we cannot and do not want to compete with other big entrenched companies.
    
    Time/resources required (10%): Based on the presentation given by Dr. Tsai from Biosensor Lab, with the stage at which the development of this platform is, there will not be much more time or resources required for this platform to be commercially launched, which I think is an advantage particularly for a small-scale startup like ours since we cannot afford to develop the product for too long of a time period without generating revenue.
    
    Affordability/accessibility (10%): The impression I had of this platform from the presentation from Dr. Tsai is that this platform is more affordable to customers, thus more people will have access to this platform. This platform will change how people perceive and use sterilization examination devices.
    
    Effect on Improving Health Outcomes (20%): According to disinfectionandsterilization.org – a website created by Dr. William A. Rutala at University of North Carolina, in the US alone, there are approximately 46 million procedures performed on hospital inpatients and 53.3 million surgical and nonsurgical procedures performed during ambulatory visits annually, each of which involves contact with a medical device or surgical instrument and there poses risks of infection if the medical device/instrument is improperly sterilized/disinfected. Sterilization failures can result from various reasons such as human errors, equipment failures or system problems. Thus, having a rapid and effective platform to examine the sterilization process can prevent such incidents from occurring and help save lives.
    
    Project Fit with Innovators’ Capabilities (20%): 3 members in our group do research under Professor Hsien-Chang Chang’s supervision in Biosensor Lab, which is the lab in which this platform was cultivated. Our group also has 2 practicing physicians and a business student. Therefore, I believe that our technical competence, as well as our interdisciplinary and complementary backgrounds, are ideal for a startup working on this topic.

  • 巫俊毅

    2017-10-10 16:22:44

    Our topic is Development of an acupuncture objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) system. After a series of discussions, we got the following conclusions about acceptance criteria and their values. (1) Time/resources required to achieve results 20%: take too much time to establish this system. (2) Project fit with innovator’s mission and capabilities 15%: In North America, NBCE Acupuncture Examination has been carried out for a long time. (3) Effect on improving health outcomes 10%: Acupuncture depends on user’s skills and can’ t being doubted by exams. (4) Customers that need to be cultivated 10%: There is no customer that need to be cultivated. (5)  Market(1.Market dynamics and competition 2.Anticipated market growth 3.Revenue/Market size targets) 50%: All customers are from the people using acupuncture. Patients wouldn’t care that the doctor pass this system or not, they just want their disease or pain being cured or felt better. So the patient would not influence the doctor to go have examinations or not. The NBCE Acupuncture Examination is an elective exam that is offered six times a year at Pearson Professional Centers throughout North America. It consists of 200 standard multiple-choice questions, divided into two equal sessions of 100 questions each. The Acupuncture Examination requires approximately three hours of test administration time, divided into two equal sessions of 90 minutes each. There is already an examination being established even an international test, so it is no need to have another system to exist. Also acupuncture is a very complicated method to treat the disease. There are two major parts to the diagnosis as the acupuncture practitioner begins his analysis. Physical observation and a discussion of your symptoms and environment form the basis of the examination and all observations will be written down and used together with the discussion with the practitioner.
    A number of things should be discussed at your first acupuncture visit especially if you are coming in for a particular symptom or set of symptoms. Talking about several different aspects of your condition will assist the acupuncturist and enable him to make a more accurate diagnosis. Persistent pain, pain during exercise or pain during different times of the day can all lead to different treatments.
    Cause and effect, if any, is also important to report. Some things to consider if stress is a component. Diagnosis for an acupuncture visit includes physical, emotional, social, and mental components and the practitioner will need as much information as you can gather about the reason you are coming. So doctor's experiments are much more important that having a test to prove him/herself skills.

  • Ton That Dong

    2017-10-10 17:36:13

    The topic of unmet needs that fourth group chosen that is “Water purification and sterilization system based on UVC LED technology”
    We discussed with some acceptance criteria in term of the sides such as technology, budget, consumption target, outcome, riskiness, competition. Overall, we came on conclusion with 83,3% accepted for this project.
    To estimate right level of each conditions, we marked scores (1 to 3 respectively low, medium, high) for it. After that, we averaged all scores to put to percentage which is basis for our decisions. If the result is lower 50%, project will be rejected. In contrast, we will accept to invest to it. Firstly, technological side (3/3), in fact that UVC LED is popular component combine with simple productive model led to easily manufacture productively. Secondly, budget (3/3), because UVC LED is a cheap component and other materials are available, therefore initial finance is low, so we may gather funds quickly. Next to consumption target (3/3), from Western to Eastern, almost people always concerned pure water source while they went outdoor and travel, as well as they comprehended and trusted to purified and sterilized capabilities of UVC LED technology. Consequently, these products have comfortably come to hand customers. This also explained for outcome (3/3). Next then riskiness (2/3), it is unsurely that the good product is certainly famous in the market, as it also depended to trend of marketer and customers. Besides, it is too difficult and expensive to predict market. Finally, competition (1/3), although UVC LED was a good technology, in the world there were more other technologies the same or better in the future, so as UVC LED was not the best perfectly choice.
    Totally, the scores summed up equal 15, made (15/18) 83.3%. All in all, this unmet needs is really essential to implement instantly.

  • Febryan Setiawan

    2017-10-10 21:07:27

    Outdoor Walking Assistive Device for Parkinson’s Disease Patients
    From our discussion in the group, first we might have a consideration about the stages of Parkinson’s disease patients. There are 5 stages of Parkinson’s disease (Dr. Margaret M. Hoehn research studies) and we know that just the Parkinson’s disease patients from stage 3-5 who will need walking assistive device. We also discussed if the outdoor walking assistive device is better & more efficient or not than the wheel chair. And the question that we concluded is how’s the percentage of stage 3-5 patients compare to all of patients? Could we assume this case is significant unmet need? Then we decided the acceptance criteria for this unmet need.
    The acceptance criteria are:
    1) Accessibility & Possibility (17%) – According to our discussion, it’s the most important thing to be considered (it is including budgets, time, & technology).
    2) Customer’s Need & Willingness (15%) – Is the device difficult to use? Can the device help Parkinson’s disease patients?
    3) Market Size (15%) – Depend on the country (many people in America who are Parkinson’s disease patients more than any countries) and culture (dietary habit).
    4) Safety & Regulation Issues (14%) – We must consider about pre-clinical & clinical trial for the device. FDA & government regulations are a good reference for this term. We can ask them too to give important direction about safety and regulation issues.
    5) Innovator’s Capability (13%) – Various background of innovators, who will corporate, would build a good team for this unmet need research. Our team has good composition of members. There are 2 doctors (surgeon & dentist), 
    6) Measurable Improvement (11%) – Quantitative outcome, is the device really significant can help Parkinson’s disease patients to have a better life? This term can be gotten from customer’s feedbacks.
    7) Market Dynamics (9%) – This term is describing about how dynamics demand and supply products in market. And it doesn’t influence directly to the function device.
    8) Anticipating Growth Market (6%) – Market will grow but for Parkinson’s disease patient device will not have high demand.
    In our conclusion, we decide to have a further study about Parkinson’s disease and do some research or survey about how effective the function of outdoor walking assistive device.

  • Carmela Ching

    2017-10-10 23:37:37

    Our group chose the topic Julian design of an anti-counter flow foley. A foley catheter is a tube that is inserted through the urethra and into the bladder to drain the urine in patients. As per the acceptance criteria discussed among ourselves, we came up with five. (1) Marketing Value – First, we should consider the marketing value of the product to be developed. The company or the developers must assess the possibility of a consumer buying this product or using this service. There should be enough convincing reasons why this product would be chosen by the consumers rather than other potential alternatives. I am giving this 10%. (2) Resource availability – The next criteria to consider is the materials needed to do this project. Designing a foley catheter that has an anti-back flow capacity is easy. One possible design to prevent back flow is the use of check valve to prevent the flow of drained fluid from reentering the patient. Finding the materials needed for this design is not so hard and relatively cheap. My groupmates and I gave it a 10% weight percentage. (3) Competence of the product – This criteria is somehow related to the first in a sense that we consider the possibility of consumers buying this over other products. On the other hand, this also includes the potential of the product being successfully marketed. Overall, for a product to be marketed successfully, it must perform its function to full capacity with consideration to affordability. Basically, quality and accessibility. We gave it 20% importance. (4) Target Patient Size – There are a number of reasons why catheter foley is used in patients: when a patient lose control of his bladder, or has difficulty urinating. There are a number of reasons too why a patient may not be able to urinate on their own, such as injury, or surgery that makes it difficult for them to get up, or medications that impairs mental or muscle function, or blocked urine flow due to bladder or kidney stones, and many other reasons. In a news report from Kalorama “The World Market for Catheters”, they said that 1.45 billion catheters were sold globally in 2014 and that healthcare market research firm believes that unit sales will rise to almost 2.0 billion in 2019. This criteria is given 30%. (5) Improving healthcare – As students and professionals in the field of medicine and medical engineering, improving health care must be a priority criteria to every device we need to develop. Urinary tract infection acquired through catheter is one of the most common health care acquired infections [1,2]; 70–80% of these infections are attributable to use of an indwelling urethral catheter [3]. One probable cause of urinary tract infection is the backflow of urine from the catheter back to the bladder. This can cause bacterial formation and thus, infection. The long list of uses for catheter foley proves that it is an indispensable healthcare tool for many patients, and that an anti-counter flow would be an effective device to reduce occurrence of infection in patients. We decided to give this criteria 30% importance. 
    
    After evaluating the risks and rewards of the acceptance criteria for this unmet need, our team agrees that this unmet need is important and that an innovation project is necessary. After all, the innovation and evolution of medical devices is dedicated to improving healthcare and quality of life.
    
    [1] Zarb P, Coignard B, Griskevicienne J, Muller A, Vankerckho ven Weist K, Goossens MM, Vaerenberg S, Hopkins S, Catry B, Monnet DL, Goosens H, Suetens C. The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) pilot point prevalence survey of healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial use. Euro Surveill. 2012;17(46)
    [2] Magill SS, Edwards JR, Bamberg W, Beldaus ZG, Dumyati G, Kainer MA, Lynfield R, Maloney M, McAllister-Hollod L, Nadle J, Ray SM, Thompson D, Wilson LE, Fridkin SK. Multistate point-prevalence survey of health care-associated infections. N Engl J Med. 2014;370:1198–1208.
    [3] Nicolle, L. E. (2014). Catheter associated urinary tract infections. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, 3, 23. http://doi.org/10.1186/2047-2994-3-23

  • Febryan Setiawan

    2017-10-10 23:56:36

    I want to add my conclusion about all of the unmet needs that our chairman gave us before. I think, in my opinion, one thing that we must consider seriously is about recruiting our team.
    We must recruit best members for our composition team. We must see a lot of aspects, including their abilities, attitudes, & characters. I think it is good to recruit someone who can cooperate with others than someone who just has a good abilities but can't build a relation. Good character & attitude is better than good capability.
    Thank you.

  • Tieu Nguyen Minh Duy

    2017-10-11 00:06:40

    The topic selected by our group was Development of an acupuncture objective structured clinical examination (OSCED) system. According to “The 2007 CDC National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)” is widely cited as showing that about 30% of Americans use CAM therapies.  A careful look at the details of this survey, however, shows that many of the supposed CAM therapies are really relaxation or exercise practices, such as massage and yoga, not medical therapies. Chiropractic is the only medical therapy generally classified as alternative that was used by more than 10% of people in the survey. Beside that the Acupunture is not popular in American, Europe or Africa.The 2007 NHIS data indicated 6.5% of Americans had reported ever using acupuncture. Of these, 22% had seen an acupuncturist in the last 12 months. 25% of those who had tried acupuncture had done so once, and 70% had seen an acupuncturist fewer than 5 times.  So the Acupunture market is so small. Moreover, many doctor and Patient don’t need this system because they can identify the acupuncture points by theirself and it will take a lot of time to create this system . Affter our discussion, all members in my group agree that the system doesn’t need to be  fullfiled. The percentage for each criteria of my opinion is:Revenue/market size targets ( 15% ), (2) Anticipated market growth (15%)  and (3) The customers that need to be cultivated (15%) due to the market of acupuncture is small. (4) Time resources required to achieve results (15 %) Creating a new device will take a lot of time. (5) Project fit with innovators mission and capabilities (10%). Effect on improving healths outcome (10%) . Effect on afordability and accessibility of care (10%) and Market dynamics and competiton (10%).

  • Huang Allison

    2017-10-11 00:44:45

    6.Development of an acupuncture objective structured clinical examination(OSCE) system (客觀結構化之臨床針灸考試平台). 
My acceptance criteria:

    (1) Time/resources required to achieve results 20%
    (2) Project fit with innovator’s mission and capabilities 15%
    
(3) Effect on improving health outcomes 8%

    (4) Customers that need to be cultivated 8%

    (5) Market 45%

    (1.Market dynamics and competition 15% 
2.Anticipated market growth 15%
3.Revenue/Market size targets 15%)

    (6) Branding 4%: sometimes even nonprofitable projects could increase brand exposure on social media.


    
    And OSCE scored 35 out of 100:

    (1) Time/resources required to achieve results: 5
    
To create a standardized test requires a great amount of time and background knowledge.
    (2) Project fit with innovator’s mission and capabilities: 0
    
None of our team members is or was a med student.
    
(3) Effect on improving health outcomes: 2
    
We believe that standardized test won’t effect the health outcomes of a patient, since that a patient is unlikely to have a standardized body structure.
    
(4) Customers that need to be cultivated: 4
    
The targeted customers are schools of Chinese medicines, which is a relatively small group.

    (5) Market: 22
    
(1.Market dynamics and competition: 10
    
2.Anticipated market growth: 8
    
3.Revenue/Market size targets: 4)
    
The targeted customers is a small group.
    
(6) Branding: 2

    If we could build an successful OSCE system, that’d definitely help our reputation.
    
    

Hence we’ve reached a conclusion that the OSCE system is not a very good investment. First of all, the targeted customers — schools of Chinese medicines, or students of Chinese medicines, are small groups. Second, an objective examination system requires a standardized test. However, patients’ body structures differ from one another. So it is probably better if a Chinese medicine student could have case by case studies and learn from their experiments. And third, we do not have anyone with the right background for this OSCE project, and it is very unwise to take on a project that requires such professional background knowledge when we do not have any.

  • Ymir M. Garcia

    2017-10-11 12:40:07

    Our group have chosen the topic on “Design of a platform for sterilization effectiveness examination” for our unmet needs to be fulfilled. First and foremost, I should say that by having an acceptance criteria, it will be easier to decide whether to accept or reject specific projects. Through this process, we can somehow predict whether the project will be palatable to the taste buds of our VCs. Together with the previous discussions and brainstorming with groupmates and my own contemplation on the topic, I was able to come up with the following acceptance criteria with their corresponding weight and priorities. 
    First in my list is the effect on improving health outcomes combined with project fit with innovators mission and capabilities (40%).  Being a health professional, one of my passion is securing health and preserving life. By having a platform that will secure in preventing spread of diseases, contracting illness and loss of life, I am fulfilling my purpose. This is just like aligning myself to a project and eagerly working on it till its completion since I am really passionate about it.  It will be a motivation that will drive me through the success despite of any obstacles and challenges that may come along the way. Since we are talking about Medical Device Innovation in a clinical set up, by having this, the platform can have a major impact on the quality of life. Consequence of improper sterilization may lead to nosocomial transfer of pathogens including multi resistant microorganism that is hard to treat. In addition to this, validation of completely sterilized equipment used in operating room is hard to accomplish thereby increasing the risk of post-surgical infection. By providing this platform, we can assure that any material, equipment or medical device that is used, applied or in direct contact with our patient were effectively sterilized thereby decreasing risk of morbidity and mortality and consequently improving quality of lives. This will save time, money and huge resources for both the hospital, medical personnel and the patient. Though this project might be good for the patients and is aligned to my mission and capabilities, the next thing we should consider is finding people who have the same passion and recruit them so we can work for a common goal. 
    Second on my list, the potential of the market with anticipated market growth (30%). Though passion is very important and saving lives are noble ideas, we still need to consider if the technology will fly in the market. Demand is very crucial as well, if there is no demand, the technology will easily be forgotten. Market and Market, one of the leading market research firm, reported that the global sterilization market is expected to reach USD 6.93 Billion by 2021 from USD 4.69 Billion in 2016, at a CAGR of 8.8%. The overall growth of the sterilization equipment market was attributed to factors such as the rising incidence of hospital-acquired infections (HAIs), growing number of hospitals in Asia, rising geriatric population, increasing number of surgeries (cosmetics and aesthetics), medical tourism especially in Southeast Asia, increasing number of pharmaceutical companies in Asia, and growth in the food & beverage industry. Looking at this one, the segment that will greatly benefit from here are the medical industry and if we can capitalized on developing a platform in conjunction of evaluating the effectiveness of sterilization at the point of care, then it means that we will also be riding the same market shares.
    Third, market dynamics and competition combined (20%). Seth, one of my groupmate, is correct when he said that there is an increasing demand of sterilization. This can be supported by the report presented above by Market and Market, however, there is none yet that I heard of a platform on evaluating effectiveness of the sterilization. Sterilization device is very much different from a device that can check the effectiveness of sterilization process. The European standard EN 556 defines sterility for a terminally sterilized medical device as the theoretical probability that a viable microorganism will be present on/in the device is equal to or less than 1 × 10−6. There are a lot of sterilization devices available in the market that can be used to minimize viable microorganism to 1 × 10−6 or less but to date, I never heard of a platform/device to evaluate effectiveness of sterilization. Common way to check effectiveness is by performing bacterial culture which is tedious and laborious, eating much time. What we need is a ready built in or hand held device that can be used anytime, anywhere to validate sterility of medical devices before directly using it to our patients. I can see that there is no competition here and I for see that the demand is very high. Likewise, other companies are focused much on sectors that reflects high expenditures for both patients and hospitals, meaning they are looking at medical condition like heart condition, trauma, cancer and others that generates huge expenses. Though at first, one may think that the demand is huge but we need to take in consideration as well that there might more players playing in that field. Revenues may be great there but it requires a lot of muscle and strength to compete with giant companies. There should be a balance between demand and ability to compete and I see that Sterilization, disinfection, may not be as huge as the other sector like Orthopedics, Ophthalmology and Cardiology but can modestly generate revenues as well. According to the US Medical Devices Market Outlook by Frost & Sullivan, Sterilization and disinfection was the least revenue generator but still have accumulated USD 594 M on year 2011. It is exciting because there is more space to play around at the bottom and not compromising too much risk. Finding an unmet needs here will be a viable option.
    And lastly, revenue/market size targets (10%). There is growing demand, there is an anticipated growth in the market likewise the technology is at the strategic point, properly prepositioned, playing well and can be regarded as pioneer and innovator in this sector. It is suffice to say that wherever are the market of sterilization devices will also be the market of this platform. Evaluation and validation of the effectiveness of sterilization can be an ancillary of sterilization devices. That will be the market of this technology/platform. 
    In conclusion, with the above acceptance criteria mentioned, it is obvious that we can accept and pursue this project

  • Melodywei

    2017-10-11 14:00:35

    he unmet need we chose was Julian-Design of an anti-counter-flow foley. In our group, every member came from different backgrounds, but we still were struggling with those eight choices of unmet needs. We considered every aspect of designing a new medical device figuring out the acceptance and the weight of criteria. First, market value and market size, although the market segmentation of that department is not that big compared to others, it is still promising because of the common situation (infection because of urine flowing backwards to organs) happened every day in hospitals (10%). Second, the criteria and the reason I just mentioned above, needs of patients is quite urgent. Nowadays, there are several devices are going to be issued related to this unmet need (30%). Third, the final purpose of fulfill those unmet needs is to improve their quality of life. Knowing the number of patients who may have better life because of this new medical device, the market potential can be discovered right away. The physician in our group emphasized that many patients suffer from it, they are eager for having a better treatment (30%). Forth, personal equipment, members from different background giving us enough resources, for example, physicians can assist us on clinical trials, medical engineering knowledge can help us when we start to design the medical device. Also, I can give a hand when we want to commercialize the device. To conclude, we have enough resources to develop it (10%). Lastly, we have competitive advantages, we find the niche market, though we may encounter some problems like regulations and patents, there is no similar products on the market, we can be the pioneer (10%). 
    We can look forward to the development of this device.